Effects of rosuvastatin combined with olmesartan, irbesartan, or telmisartan on indices of glucose metabolism in Greek adults with impaired fasting glucose, hypertension, and mixed hyperlipidemia: a 24-week, randomized, open-label, prospective study (Journal article)

Rizos, C. V./ Milionis, H. J./ Kostapanos, M. S./ Florentin, M./ Kostara, C. E./ Elisaf, M. S./ Liberopoulos, E. N.

BACKGROUND: Statin therapy has been reported to be associated with new-onset diabetes. Angiotensin II-receptor blockers (ARBs) are effective antihypertensive drugs that have been reported to activate peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) to differing extents, with favorable effects on glucose metabolism and the incidence of new-onset diabetes. Among the ARBs, telmisartan is a partial activator of PPARgamma, irbesartan is a weak partial activator, and olmesartan has no effect on PPARgamma activation. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to evaluate the effects on glucose homeostasis of combining rosuvastatin with ARBs of varying PPARgamma-activating potency in Greek adults with impaired fasting glucose, mixed dyslipidemia, and stage 1 hypertension. METHODS: This was a 24-week, randomized, open-label study. Inclusion criteria were impaired fasting plasma glucose (FPG) (100-125 mg/dL [5.6-6.9 mmol/L]), mixed dyslipidemia (LDL-C >160 mg/dL [4.14 mmol/L] and triglycerides >150 mg/dL [1.69 mmol/L]), and stage 1 hypertension (systolic blood pressure 140-159 mm Hg and/or diastolic blood pressure 90-99 mm Hg). After 12 weeks of dietary intervention, patients were randomly allocated to receive rosuvastatin 10 mg/d plus telmisartan 80 mg/d (RT group), irbesartan 300 mg/d (RI group), or olmesartan 20 mg/d (RO group) for 24 weeks. The primary end point was change in the following indices of glucose metabolism after 6 months of treatment: FPG, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), HOMA of beta-cell function (HOMA-B), and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA(1c)). Secondary end points included changes in anthropometric variables, blood pressure, serum lipids, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP). Tolerability was monitored throughout the study. RESULTS: After the 12-week dietary intervention, 151 white patients (78 female, 73 male) met the inclusion criteria and were randomized to receive RT (n = 52), RI (n = 48), or RO (n = 51). The mean (SD) age of the 3 groups was 60 (10), 60 (10), and 58 (12) years, respectively; their mean weight was 79 (11), 81 (12), and 78 (11) kg. At 6 months, the RT group had a 29% decrease in HOMA-IR (from a median [range] of 2.6 [0.6-6.6] to 1.8 [0.5-5.1]), the RI group had a 16% increase (from 2.5 [0.5-6.2] to 2.9 [0.5-8.1]), and the RO group had a 14% increase (from 2.4 [0.5-7.9] to 2.7 [0.5-5.2]) (all, P < 0.05 vs baseline). The improvement in the RT group was statistically significant compared with the RI group (P < 0.01) and the RO group (P < 0.05). The changes from baseline in FPG and HbA(1c) were not significant in any group. Fasting serum insulin decreased by 21% in the RT group (from 10.4 [2.4-28.1] to 8.2 [2.4-18.8] microU/mL), whereas it increased by 12% in the RI group (from 9.1 [2.0-26.5] to 10.2 [2.0-25.2] microU/mL) and by 8% in the RO group (from 10.1 [2.0-29.6] to 10.9 [2.0-19.1] microU/mL) (all, P < 0.05 vs baseline). Again, there was a significant difference between the RT group and the RI group (P < 0.01) and RO group (P < 0.05). Levels of hs-CRP decreased by 44% in the RT group (from 2.2 [0.3-7.9] to 1.2 [0.4-7.0] mg/L), by 12% in the RI group (from 2.2 [0.3-12.3] to 1.9 [0.2-11.4] mg/L), and by 22% in the RO group (from 2.1 [0.7-4.0] to 1.7 [0.7-6.2] mg/L). The difference was statistically significant for the RT group compared with baseline and with the RI and RO groups (all comparisons, P < 0.05). Blood pressure was significantly reduced from baseline in all 3 groups, with no significant differences between groups. No serious adverse events were reported during the study, nor were there any clinically significant elevations in aminotransferases or creatine kinase. CONCLUSION: In this small, randomized, open-label study, the RT combination had favorable effects on HOMA-IR, fasting serum insulin, and hs-CRP compared with the RI and RO combinations in Greek adults with impaired fasting glucose, mixed hyperlipidemia, and stage 1 hypertension.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής
Keywords: Aged,Antihypertensive Agents/adverse effects/*pharmacology/therapeutic use,Benzimidazoles/adverse effects/pharmacology/therapeutic use,Benzoates/adverse effects/pharmacology/therapeutic use,Biphenyl Compounds/adverse effects/pharmacology/therapeutic use,Blood Glucose/*drug effects,C-Reactive Protein/drug effects/metabolism,Drug Therapy, Combination,Fasting,Female,Fluorobenzenes/adverse effects/*pharmacology/therapeutic use,Greece,Homeostasis/drug effects,Humans,Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/adverse,effects/*pharmacology/therapeutic use,Hyperlipidemias/complications/drug therapy,Hypertension/complications/drug therapy,Imidazoles/adverse effects/pharmacology/therapeutic use,Insulin/blood,Male,Middle Aged,Prospective Studies,Pyrimidines/adverse effects/*pharmacology/therapeutic use,Sulfonamides/adverse effects/*pharmacology/therapeutic use,Tetrazoles/adverse effects/pharmacology/therapeutic use
URI: https://olympias.lib.uoi.gr/jspui/handle/123456789/22059
ISSN: 1879-114X
Link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20399986
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