Evaluation of established coronary heart disease on the basis of HDL and non-HDL NMR lipid profiling (Journal article)

Kostara, C. E./ Papathanasiou, A./ Cung, M. T./ Elisaf, M. S./ Goudevenos, J./ Bairaktari, E. T.

A (1)H NMR-based lipid profiling approach was used to investigate the prediction of coronary heart disease (CHD) and examine the confounding effect of factors such as gender, triglycerides, HDL-cholesterol and age levels on the prediction of disease. The HDL and non-HDL lipid profiles in 47 patients with triple vessel disease (TVD) and 41 patients with normal coronary arteries (NCA) both documented angiographically were generated. The presence of CHD was predicted with a sensitivity and specificity of 52% and 75% for HDL model and 78% and 80% for non-HDL, respectively. The lipid constituents of HDL lipoproteins which contributed to the separation between the two groups were the saturated fatty acids, cholesterol, total omega-3 fatty acids, degree of unsaturation, diallylic protons from polyunsaturated fatty acids, linoleic acid and, to a lesser extent, the number of fatty acids, triglycerides, unsaturated fatty acids and phosphatidylcholine. Respectively, for non-HDL, lipoproteins were the saturated fatty acids, number of fatty acids, cholesterol, unsaturated fatty acids and phosphatidylcholine. Gender, triglycerides, HDL-cholesterol and age influenced the lipid constituents of HDL and non-HDL lipoproteins that contributed to the separation between subgroups and confounded the predictive power of the models. NMR-based lipid profiling analysis could contribute to the identification of noninvasive markers for the presence and the development of the disease.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής
Keywords: Aged,Cholesterol, HDL/*blood,Coronary Disease/*blood,Female,Humans,Lipids/*blood,Male,Middle Aged,Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular/*methods,Triglycerides/blood
URI: https://olympias.lib.uoi.gr/jspui/handle/123456789/21817
ISSN: 1535-3907
Link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20020777
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/pr900783x
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

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