Fournier's gangrene: diagnostic approach and therapeutic challenge (Journal article)

Xeropotamos, N. S./ Nousias, V. E./ Kappas, A. M.

OBJECTIVE: To identify the prognostic variables and to assess the role of aggressive management in patients with Fournier's gangrene. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: University hospital, Greece. SUBJECTS: 11 patients (9 men and 2 women) with Fournier's gangrene admitted between April 1986 and December 2000. INTERVENTIONS: Early aggressive debridements. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Postoperative course, hospital stay, outcome, morbidity, and mortality. RESULTS: The mean age was 65 years (range 17-90) and the mean (SD) duration of hospital stay was 35 (8) days (range 8-62). The aetiology was identified in 8 patients and idiopathic in 3. Predisposing factors (diabetes, n = 4; heart failure, agranulocytosis, and alcohol misuse, n = 1 each) were identified in 6 patients. All patients except one had raised serum glucose concentrations and low serum albumin values. On admission the white cell count was >15 x 10(9)/L in 10, serum sodium <135 mmol/L, mean (SD) serum creatinine 124 (27) micromol/L, and C-reactive protein >150 mg/L was found in all patients. 3/9 male patients required partial excision of the scrotum. Temporary faecal diversion was done for 3 patients. A mean of 3 aggressive repeated debridements (range: 3-6) were required. Nine patients survived and two patients died. CONCLUSION: Rapid and accurate diagnosis remains the key to achieving a successful outcome. Abnormal laboratory variables on admission may suggest the diagnosis. Early, repeated, aggressive debridement is essential for a successful outcome.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής
Keywords: Adolescent,Adult,Aged,Aged, 80 and over,Debridement/methods,Female,Follow-Up Studies,Fournier Gangrene/*diagnosis/mortality/*surgery,Genital Diseases, Male/diagnosis/surgery,Greece,Humans,Male,Middle Aged,Perineum,Retrospective Studies,Risk Assessment,Scrotum,Severity of Illness Index,Surgical Procedures, Operative/*methods,Survival Rate,Treatment Outcome
ISSN: 1102-4151
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

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