Genetic and environmental factors affecting the response to statin therapy in patients with molecularly defined familial hypercholesterolaemia (Journal article)

Miltiadous, G./ Xenophontos, S./ Bairaktari, E./ Ganotakis, M./ Cariolou, M./ Elisaf, M. S.

Familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) is the most common inherited metabolic disease characterized by elevated serum levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and ischaemic heart disease early in life. Early diagnosis and treatment are essential to prevent premature atherosclerosis in FH patients. The aim of our study was the evaluation of the effects of genetic [class of the LDL receptor (LDLR) gene mutation, apolipoprotein (apo)E, apoA-IV and cholesterol ester transfer protein gene polymorphisms] and environmental factors (age, sex, smoking habit and body mass index) on the lipid-lowering response to statin therapy in patients with molecularly defined FH. Atorvastatin 20 mg/day was prescribed in 49 patients with heterozygous FH. The lipid profile was examined before and after 12 weeks of therapy. Statin therapy resulted in a decrease of 37% and 36% in LDL-C and apoB levels, respectively. The study population was then divided into 2 groups according to the class of the LDLR mutation [patients sharing a class V mutation (the G1775A mutation, n=21) and patients sharing class II mutations (the G1646A and the C858A mutations, n=28)]. In both groups, the percentage decrement in LDL-C and apoB levels were correlated with the initial LDL-C and apoB levels, respectively. The class of the LDLR mutation affected the LDL-C and apoB-lowering response of heterozygous FH patients to statin therapy. In detail, heterozygotes sharing a class V mutation of the LDLR showed a higher percentage decrement in LDL-C and apoB levels after atorvastatin administration compared to patients sharing class II mutations (49+/-9% versus 34+/-9%, P=0.001 for LDL-C and 42+/-16% versus 35+/-20%, P=0.001 for apoB). The influence of the classes of the LDLR gene mutations on the change of LDL-C and apoB levels to atorvastatin was still significant in a multivariate analysis. None of the other genetic and environmental factors studied affected the lipid-lowering response to atorvastatin therapy in patients with heterozygous FH in a multivariate analysis. Our data indicate that the class of the LDLR gene mutation affects the LDL-C and apoB-lowering response of heterozygous FH patients to statin therapy. Specifically, patients with a class V mutation exhibit higher percentage decrease in LDL-C and apoB levels after statin therapy compared to patients sharing class II mutations.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής
Keywords: Apolipoproteins E/genetics,Body Mass Index,Carrier Proteins/genetics,Cholesterol Ester Transfer Proteins,Cholesterol, LDL/metabolism,Female,Genotype,Glycoproteins/genetics,Heptanoic Acids/pharmacology,Heterozygote,Humans,Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/*pharmacology,Hyperlipoproteinemia Type II/diagnosis/*drug therapy/*genetics,Lipid Metabolism,Lipoproteins, LDL/metabolism,Male,Multivariate Analysis,Mutation,Pharmacogenetics,Polymorphism, Genetic,Promoter Regions, Genetic,Pyrroles/pharmacology,Receptors, LDL/genetics
URI: https://olympias.lib.uoi.gr/jspui/handle/123456789/21431
ISSN: 1744-6872
Link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15864114
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

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