Growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor in non-uremic acidosis and uremic acidosis (Journal article)

Kuemmerle, N./ Krieg, R. J., Jr./ Latta, K./ Challa, A./ Hanna, J. D./ Chan, J. C.

Growth retardation is a cardinal feature of children with renal tubular acidosis. This is reversible by correcting the non-uremic acidosis with alkali therapy. Sodium bicarbonate solutions or citrate solutions have been used for this purpose. However, the odious taste of these medications almost invariably causes medical noncompliance. The persistent and often profound metabolic acidosis from medical noncompliance, precipitates hypercalciuria and hypocitraturia, and increases the risk of nephrocalcinosis. The mechanism of the growth retardation in renal tubular acidosis is thought to be related to a blunting of anterior pituitary growth hormone secretion. In experimental metabolic acidosis, the growth hormone secretory pulse areas are reduced. Just as importantly, hepatic growth hormone receptor expression and IGF-I mRNA were blunted in metabolic acidosis. In uremia, growth retardation is secondary to a host of factors including metabolic acidosis, renal osteodystrophy, and the side effects of treatment such as corticosteroids, which compound the growth retardation. Growth hormone secretion by individual pituitary cells was stimulated by corticosteroids but, paradoxically, the total number of somatotropes was suppressed. In uremia, the secretion of growth hormone was not different from controls at any level of growth-hormone-releasing hormone challenges. Hepatic IGF-I mRNA was markedly reduced in uremic rats. Growth hormone receptor expression was significantly reduced in uremic acidotic rats. The growth hormone and IGF-I expression on the growth plate of the long bone of uremic rats was reduced. IGF-I immunoreactivity was present in both the hypertrophic and proliferative zones. The lack of growth of the proliferative zones suggested growth hormone and IGF-I resistance in uremic chondrocytes.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής
Keywords: Acidosis/etiology/metabolism/*physiopathology,Animals,Growth Hormone/*physiology/secretion,Humans,Insulin-Like Growth Factor I/*physiology/secretion,Uremia/complications/metabolism/*physiopathology
ISSN: 0098-6577
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

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