High levels of topoisomerase IIalpha protein expression in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma are associated with high proliferation, germinal center immunophenotype, and response to treatment (Journal article)

Pentheroudakis, G./ Goussia, A./ Voulgaris, E./ Nikolaidis, K./ Ioannidou, E./ Papoudou-Bai, A./ Grepi, K./ Kanavaros, P./ Pavlidis, N./ Bai, M.


Gene copy number and protein expression of topoisomerase IIalpha were correlated to benefit from anthracyclines in various tumors. A retrospective series of 69 patients with DLBCL managed with CHOP chemotherapy were studied for immunohistochemical TopoIIalpha expression and numerical gene abnormalities by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH). The results were analyzed in relation to the expression of cell cycle proteins (Ki67, p53, HDM2, p21, p14, pRb, p16, and cyclins A, B1, D1, D2, D3, and E) and BCL6/CD10/MUM1/CD138 B-cell differentiation immunophenotype and outcome. High levels of TopoIIalpha protein were found in 91% of DLBCL cases. No evidence of TopoIIalpha gene amplification or deletion was found. The TopoIIalpha expression showed significant positive correlations with the proliferation index Ki67 (p = 0.002), cell cycle proteins pRb and cyclin D2 (p = 0.018 and p = 0.028, respectively), and the germinal center proteins bcl6 and CD10 (p = 0.010 and p < 0.0001, respectively). TopoIIalpha expression was significantly higher in germinal center B-cell like (GCB) DLBCL than in non-germinal center B-cell like (non-GCB) DLBCL (p = 0.048). TopoIIalpha protein was significantly associated with response to chemotherapy (chi(2), p = 0.024), but not with relapse-free or overall survival (p = 0.5). On multivariate analysis, only stage of disease retained independent prognostic significance (HR 0.33 for early stage, p = 0.008). Although TopoIIa gene copy number abnormalities were not found in DLBCL, high levels of protein expression are associated with GCB-cell differentiation immunophenotype, high proliferation, and response to treatment.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής
Keywords: Adult,Aged,Aged, 80 and over,Antigens, Neoplasm/genetics/*metabolism,Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/*therapeutic use,Cell Cycle Proteins/metabolism,Cell Differentiation,*Cell Proliferation,Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use,DNA Topoisomerases, Type II/genetics/*metabolism,DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics/*metabolism,Doxorubicin/therapeutic use,Female,Gene Amplification,Germinal Center/drug effects/*enzymology/immunology,Humans,Immunoenzyme Techniques,Immunophenotyping,In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence,Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy/*enzymology/pathology,Male,Middle Aged,Neoplasm Staging,Prednisolone/therapeutic use,Retrospective Studies,Survival Rate,Treatment Outcome,Vincristine/therapeutic use
URI: http://olympias.lib.uoi.gr/jspui/handle/123456789/21224
ISSN: 1029-2403
Link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20497003
http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.3109/10428194.2010.483749
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

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