Intrapericardial drug delivery: pharmacologic properties and long-term safety in swine (Journal article)

Kolettis, T. M./ Kazakos, N./ Katsouras, C. S./ Niokou, D./ Pappa, L./ Koulouras, V./ Stefanou, P./ Seferiadis, C./ Malamou-Mitsi, V./ Michalis, L. K./ Marselos, M./ Sideris, D. A.

BACKGROUND: Intrapericardial drug delivery is a promising new technique, but the pharmacologic properties of various agents delivered via this route are not known. Furthermore, the long-term safety of intrapericardial catheters has not been previously examined. METHODS: Using a pericardial access device, a catheter connected to a drug-delivery system was implanted in five pigs. Plasma levels and electrocardiographic measurements were obtained after intravenous and intrapericardial administration of digoxin and procainamide. Histological examination was performed after the device had been implanted for a total of 6 months. RESULTS: The QTc interval did not change significantly after digoxin or procainamide intravenous administration. QTc decreased by 47+/-23 ms (p=0.046) 8 h after digoxin intrapericardial administration and increased by 128+/-60 ms (p=0.002) 1 h after procainamide intrapericardial administration. The QRS duration did not change significantly after intravenous administration of either agent, but it increased by 17+/-9 ms (p=0.004) 1 h and by 15+/-4 ms (p=0.01) 8 h after procainamide intrapericardial administration. After intravenous procainamide the RR interval decreased, but it did not change significantly after intrapericardial administration of either agent. Histology showed moderate inflammatory infiltration and fibrosis adjacent to the catheter. CONCLUSIONS: Intrapericardial delivery of digitalis and procainamide produces unique electrophysiological properties. In contrast to satisfactory success of the implantation technique, long-term dwell of the catheter in the pericardium induces moderate, albeit probably clinically significant, fibrosis.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής
Keywords: Animals,Anti-Arrhythmia Agents/*administration & dosage,Catheters, Indwelling,Digitalis Glycosides/*administration & dosage,Heart Conduction System/drug effects,Male,Procainamide/*administration & dosage,Swine
ISSN: 0167-5273
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

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