Learning curves of cardiac surgery in relation to risk stratification and hospital location (Journal article)

Anagnostopoulos, C. E./ Siminelakis, S./ Ananiadou, O. G./ Katsaraki, A./ Drossos, G./ Katritsis, D./ Panagiotopoulos, J./ Papadopoulos, G.

AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine any significant differences in "learning curves" between private and public hospitals when the same senior surgeon was responsible during the initial phases of open-heart surgery programs development, in relation to risk stratification and hospital location. METHODS: A prospective review of 610 patients records was performed at a newly-opened cardiothoracic program in a public University Hospital (PUH) in the periphery of Greece, and a private institution (PI) with an experienced intensive care unit (ICU) in the capital city of Athens. Preoperative risk stratification, mortality and postoperative length of stay (LOS) were analysed between 1999 to 2001. RESULTS: At PUH 298 patients were operated and 312 patients at PI. There were 136 low risk (EuroSCORE 0-2) and 474 medium and high-risk patients (EuroSCORE > or =3). There was no significantly elevated mortality or learning curve in low risk surgery either at PUH (57 patients with 1 death) or PI (79 patients and 1 death). In medium and high-risk surgery at PI there was no mortality in 68 patients operated by the senior surgeon and no learning curve in all 233 such patients. In 240 medium and high-risk patients at PUH there was a learning curve despite the involvement of the same senior surgeon. In 1999 and 2000 the observed mortality (OM) in 150 patients was 15.33%, EuroSCORE 5.98, and in 2001 in 91 patients OM 3.29%, EuroSCORE 5.95 with p=0.00.8 when "experienced" ICU staff was employed. LOS was significantly reduced in 97 patients in 2001 at PUH (8.7 d +/- 2.81 vs 11.07 days +/- 7.9 in 1999 and 2000, p=0.046) confirming the existence of a learning curve at the PUH. No such change was observed at PI (8.2 days vs 7.8, p=0.45). CONCLUSION: No mortality differences or learning curve characteristics were detected for low risk operations either at PUH or PI. For medium and high risk surgery there appears to be a learning curve in PUH but not in PI despite senior surgeon involvement in both. The presence of an experienced ICU appears to play a critical role in the outcome of operations in newly opened cardiothoracic programs.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής
Keywords: Analysis of Variance,Cardiac Surgical Procedures/*education/mortality,Cardiology/*education,*Clinical Competence,Hospitals, Private/*statistics & numerical data,Hospitals, University/*statistics & numerical data,Humans,Intensive Care Units/statistics & numerical data,Length of Stay,Preoperative Care/methods,Prospective Studies,Risk Factors,Severity of Illness Index
URI: http://olympias.lib.uoi.gr/jspui/handle/123456789/20457
ISSN: 0021-9509
Link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14974485
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

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