Lipid profile in subclinical hypothyroidism: is L-thyroxine substitution beneficial? (Journal article)

Efstathiadou, Z./ Bitsis, S./ Milionis, H. J./ Kukuvitis, A./ Bairaktari, E. T./ Elisaf, M. S./ Tsatsoulis, A.

OBJECTIVE: The significance of dyslipidemia in subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) and the effect of thyroid substitution on lipids remain controversial. The present study aimed to assess the association of SH with lipid abnormalities and to quantify the effect of L-thyroxine therapy on serum lipid profiles. DESIGN: Serum lipid parameters of 66 patients with SH and 75 age- and sex-matched euthyroid controls were evaluated in a cross-sectional study. RESULTS: Patients with SH had higher total cholesterol (TC) (222+/-45 (s.d.) vs 190+/- 32 mg/dl), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) (139+/-28 vs 118+/-39 mg/dl), apolipoprotein B (149+/-21 vs 139+/-18 mg/dl) and lipoprotein (a) (Lp(a)) (median 12.5 (0.8-101) mg/dl vs 7 (0.8-44) mg/dl) levels compared with euthyroid controls (P<0.05 for all comparisons). In a follow-up study including 37 patients with SH, all measurements were repeated after restoration of a euthyroid state with incremental doses of l-thyroxine. No significant changes in serum lipid profiles were observed except for a decrease in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (59+/-15 to 55+/-14 mg/dl, P<0.05). However, patients with high pre-treatment TC (> or =240 mg/dl) showed a significant reduction in both TC (278+/-28 vs 257+/-36 mg/dl, P<0.05) and LDL-C (192+/-23 vs 173+/-28 mg/dl, P<0.01) levels. Similar but more pronounced changes were observed in a subgroup of patients with pre-treatment levels of TSH > or =10 microU/ml. Thyroid autoimmunity had no effect on either the baseline or the post-treatment lipid profile. CONCLUSION: Although patients with subclinical hypothyroidism exhibit increased levels of the atherogenic parameters (mainly LDL-C and Lp(a)), thyroid substitution therapy does not seem to significantly improve dyslipidemia in the whole group of patients.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής
Keywords: Adult,Apolipoproteins B/blood,Cholesterol/blood,Cholesterol, HDL/blood,Cholesterol, LDL/blood,Female,Humans,Hyperlipidemias/complications,Hypothyroidism/*blood/complications/*drug therapy,Lipids/*blood,Lipoprotein(a)/blood,Male,Middle Aged,Thyrotropin/blood,Thyroxine/*therapeutic use
ISSN: 0804-4643
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

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