Long-term effects of low molecular weight heparin on lipid parameters in hemodialysis patients (Journal article)

Elisaf, M. S./ Bairaktari, H./ Germanos, N./ Pappas, M./ Koulouridis, E./ Papagalanis, N./ Siamopoulos, K. C.

OBJECTIVE: The long-term effects of the replacement of conventional heparin by low-molecular weight heparin (LMWH) on lipid parameters were examined in a large group of hemodialysis patients. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: One-year prospective investigation. SETTING: Renal units. PATIENTS: A total of 93 patients aged 12-63 years old receiving hemodialysis for 51 (1-172) months were studied. None of the patients had primary hyperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus, or other secondary causes of dyslipidemia. INTERVENTIONS: In all patients administration of LMWH was introduced in doses 2500-5000 units. MEASURES: Baseline values of lipoprotein profile prior to the intervention were compared with results obtained after 3, 6 and 12 months of LMWH. RESULTS: During of LMWH treatment a small but statistically significant decrease of total and HDL cholesterol (from 200 +/- 45 mg/dl to 185 +/- 42 mg/dl, p < 0.01, and from 45 +/- 11 mg/dl to 42 +/- 10 mg/dl, p < 0.05, respectively), as well as Apo B (from 128 +/- 36 mg/dl to 121 +/- 35 mg/dl, p < 0.001) was noticed. Moreover, triglycerides decreased significantly (from 175 +/- 73 mg/dl to 146 +/- 62 mg/dl, p < 0.001). The beneficial effects of LMWH were more pronounced in patients with dyslipidemia (total cholesterol > 200 mg/dl, or triglycerides > 200 mg/dl) before the replacement of conventional heparin. CONCLUSION: The long-term use of LMWH instead of conventional heparin for anticoagulation during dialysis has beneficial effects on the lipoprotein profile, especially in patients with dyslipidemia.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής
Keywords: Adolescent,Adult,Anticoagulants/*administration & dosage,Apolipoproteins B/blood,Child,Cholesterol, HDL/blood,Female,Heparin, Low-Molecular-Weight/*administration & dosage,Humans,Lipids/*blood,Male,Middle Aged,Prospective Studies,*Renal Dialysis,Triglycerides/blood
URI: https://olympias.lib.uoi.gr/jspui/handle/123456789/20342
ISSN: 0392-9590
Link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8971586
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

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