Mechanism of action of prothymosin alpha in the human autologous mixed lymphocyte response (Journal article)

Baxevanis, C. N./ Reclos, G. J./ Economou, M./ Arsenis, P./ Katsiyiannis, A./ Seferiades, K./ Papadopoulos, G./ Tsolas, O./ Papamichail, M.

Prothymosin alpha(Prot alpha), an immunologically active polypeptide derived initially from rat thymus, and now pig thymus, was tested for its effect on autoantigen-induced human T cell proliferation in vitro. Pig ProT alpha was found to enhance the autologous mixed lymphocyte response (auto-MLR). Optimum enhancement was achieved at doses which varied among different donors. Treatment of the stimulatory monocytes with ProT alpha resulted in considerably higher auto-MLR responses as compared to those with non treated monocytes. ProT alpha was without effect on T lymphocytes. In contrast, T lymphocytes exhibited enhanced proliferative activity when treated with ProT alpha in the environment of autologous monocytes. Moreover, supernatants from cultures of monocytes incubated with ProT alpha (ProT alpha-sup) were also shown to enhance the human auto-MLR either after addition in cultures or after preincubation with responder T lymphocytes. In addition, ProT alpha-sup did not demonstrate any detectable interleukin 1 (IL 1) or interleukin 2 (IL 2) - like activity. Furthermore, ProT alpha-sup induced an increase in IL 2 production in auto-MLR cultures. The enhancement of T-cell proliferation and IL 2 production by ProT alpha-sup was maximal when this material was added at the beginning of the auto-MLR, and no effect of ProT alpha-sup was seen if the latter was added 3 days after initiation of the culture. Finally, Prot alpha-sup was also shown to increase the expression of IL 2 receptors on T lymphocytes activated in the auto-MLR. These studies suggest that ProT alpha enhances the human auto-MLR through ProT alpha-sup which is released after interaction of monocytes with ProT alpha ProT alpha-sup then increases directly T lymphocyte proliferation by elevating IL 2 production and expression of IL 2 specific receptors on autoactivated T lymphocytes.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής
Keywords: Animals,Dose-Response Relationship, Immunologic,Humans,Interleukin-1/analysis,Interleukin-2/analysis,*Lymphocyte Culture Test, Mixed,Monocytes/drug effects/immunology,Protein Precursors/*pharmacology,T-Lymphocytes/drug effects/immunology,Thymosin/*analogs & derivatives/pharmacology,Time Factors
ISSN: 0892-3973
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

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