Nationwide collaborative study of HLA class II associations with distinct types of juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA) in Greece (Journal article)

Pratsidou-Gertsi, P./ Kanakoudi-Tsakalidou, F./ Spyropoulou, M./ Germenis, A./ Adam, K./ Taparkou, A./ Siamopoulou, A./ Drakou, C./ Konstantinidis, T./ Prieur, A. M./ Stavropoulos-Giokas, C.

The aim of this study was to investigate the association of different groups and subgroups of juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA) with HLA class II (DR, DP, DQ) alleles and/or haplotypes. Groups and subgroups were mainly distinguished on the basis of the type of onset, the course and complications of the disease, and some predefined disease markers according to the criteria proposed by the ILAR Standing Committee (Chile, 1994). On the basis of these criteria the following five JCA groups and their subgroups were included in the study: (1) define systemic onset (n = 25) and systemic progressing to persistent arthritis (n = 14); (2) JCA of oligoarthritis onset (O-JCA, n = 124) and of oligoarthritis onset and course (n = 98), O-JCA of early (< 6 years) or late (> 6 years) onset (EOO-JCA n = 71 and LOO-JCA n = 44), O-JCA with ANA positive (n = 69) or negative (n = 55) and O-JCA progressing to extended arthritis (n = 22); (3) JCA of polyarthritis onset (P-JCA) with rheumatic factor (RF) negative (n = 29), and P-JCA RF negative with antinuclear antibodies (ANA) positive (n = 13) or negative (n = 16); (4) JCA complicated with chronic anterior uveitis (CAU, n = 32); (5) juvenile psoriatic arthritis (n = 20). To assess the HLA allele frequencies in the above 223 Greek children with JCA, these frequencies were compared to those of 98 age-matched and 250 adult controls. The main findings were the following. A common HLA-DRB1* allele was not involved in the JCA groups and subgroups studied; on the other hand, the DQA1*0501 allele was found to be associated with different JCA groups/subgroups (O-JCA, P-JCA RF-negative ANA-positive, JCA with CAU), probably suggesting a closer relationship of this locus with the immunogenetic background of JCA. The DPB1*0201 allele was associated with the development of either EOO-JCA or CAU. Susceptibility to CAU was stronger when the DPB1*0201 was combined with the presence of DRB1*13. Another allele, DQB1*0301, was also associated with O-JCA and CAU. Finally, no specific HLA class II allele was found to be related to the presence of ANA or psoriatic lesions or to the severity of the arthritis. Our findings suggest that the wide clinical and laboratory spectrum of JCA is associated with an immunogenetic background that is linked with HLA alleles of more than one locus. Some of them, such as the DPB1*0201 allele, confer susceptibility to certain clinical onsets and courses or complications of the disease. The rapidly advancing techniques of typing of DNA profiles may lead to more definite conclusions.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής
Keywords: Adolescent,Alleles,Arthritis/genetics/immunology,Arthritis, Juvenile Rheumatoid/*immunology,Arthritis, Psoriatic/genetics/immunology,Case-Control Studies,Child,Child, Preschool,Gene Frequency,Genes, MHC Class II/*genetics/*immunology,Greece/epidemiology,HLA-DP Antigens/genetics,HLA-DP beta-Chains,HLA-DQ Antigens/genetics,HLA-DQ alpha-Chains,HLA-DQ beta-Chains,HLA-DR Antigens/genetics,HLA-DRB1 Chains,Histocompatibility Testing,Humans,Uveitis, Anterior/genetics/immunology
ISSN: 0960-7420
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

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