Patient and personnel dosimetry in endovascular radiotherapy with Sr-90/Y-90 sources (Journal article)

Kalef-Ezra, J./ Bozios, G./ Tsekeris, P./ Michalis, L.

fEndovascular brachytherapy (EVBT) is an established treatment to reduce the probability of restenosis after a percutaneous coronary intervention. The purpose of this study was to assess (1) the manufacturer's stated dosimetric data for Sr-90/Y-90 source trains to be used in EVBT and (2) the procedure-related radiation burden. The radiation fields in water around six Sr-90/Y-90 source trains were studied using phantoms made of 'solid water' and MD55-2 radiochromic films. The water equivalence of the phantom material was tested by applying quantitative computed tomography. Thermoluminescence dosemeters were used to assess personal radiation burden and crosscheck the dose distribution along the source trains. Technical failure was observed in one source train and this train was excluded from analysis. The measured dose rate in water at 2 mm radial distance was on average 8% higher than the manufacture's stated value (range of measured to stated values 1.05-1.15). The dose rate decreased exponentially with radial distance between 2 and 6 mm. The dose rate in contact with the source viewing window of the delivery devices ranged between 0.5 and 7.5 mGy h(-1). Low-energy photons were the main contributors to personal dose.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής
Keywords: radiochromic film dosimetry,intravascular brachytherapy,radiation-therapy,source trains,quality-assurance,calibration,cancer
URI: https://olympias.lib.uoi.gr/jspui/handle/123456789/19439
ISSN: 0144-8420
Link: <Go to ISI>://000230595300007
http://rpd.oxfordjournals.org/content/114/4/514.full.pdf
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

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