Prediabetes: to treat or not to treat? (Journal article)

Moutzouri, E./ Tsimihodimos, V./ Rizos, E./ Elisaf, M. S.

The incidence of diabetes is continuously increasing worldwide. Pre-diabetes (defined as impaired glucose tolerance, impaired fasting glucose or both) represents an intermediate state, which often progresses to overt diabetes within a few years. In addition, pre-diabetes may be associated with increased risk of microvascular and macrovascular complications. Thus, reverting a pre-diabetic state as well as preventing the development of diabetes represents enormous challenge for the clinician. Lifestyle modification in pre-diabetic individuals was found particularly effective in the prevention of diabetes. However, compliance to lifestyle modification measures can be a crucial problem in the everyday clinical practice, especially in developing countries. During the last decade many studies support the use of anti-diabetic treatment schemes in pre-diabetic subjects to be advantageous. The American Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) as well as other minor studies and meta-analyses has convincingly demonstrated the efficacy of metformin in this patient group. In addition, results of the 10 year DPP follow up have recently been published, demonstrating the long term safety and sustainability of metformin treatment benefits in this population. In contrast to metformin, the evidence from the use of other anti-diabetic agents (thiazolidinediones, a-glucosidase inhibitors, incretin mimetics) in pre-diabetic individuals is rather inadequate and prospective data is further needed. Furthermore, large scale studies with hard clinical endpoints are needed to delineate the effect of pre-diabetes treatment on macro- and microvascular complications. In conclusion, several strategies of patient management, mainly lifestyle modification and pharmacological interventions can prevent diabetes development in subjects diagnosed with pre-diabetes or even revert pre-diabetic state. However, whether this biochemical improvement can be translated into actual clinical benefit remains to be established.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής
Keywords: Animals,Biomimetic Materials/therapeutic use,Glucagon-Like Peptide 1/agonists,Humans,Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use,Incretins/metabolism,Life Style,Prediabetic State/diagnosis/drug therapy/*therapy
ISSN: 1879-0712
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

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