Proximal screws placement in intertrochanteric fractures treated with external fixation: comparison of two different techniques (Journal article)

Vekris, M. D./ Lykissas, M. G./ Manoudis, G./ Mavrodontidis, A. N./ Papageorgiou, C. D./ Korompilias, A. V./ Kostas-Agnantis, I. P./ Beris, A. E.

BACKGROUND: To compare two different techniques of proximal pin placement for the treatment of intertrochanteric fractures in elderly patients utilizing the Orthofix Pertrochanteric Fixator. METHODS: Seventy elderly high-risk patients with an average age of 81 years were treated surgically for intertrochanteric fracture, resulting from a low energy trauma. Patients were randomly divided in two groups regarding to the proximal pin placement technique. In Group A the proximal pins were inserted in a convergent way, while in Group B were inserted in parallel. RESULTS: All fractures healed uneventfully after a mean time of 98 days. The fixator was well accepted and no patient had significant difficulties while sitting or lying. The mean VAS score was 5.4 in group A and 5.7 in group B. At 12 months after surgery, in group A the average Harris Hip Score and the Palmer and Parker mobility score was 67 and 5.8, respectively. In group B, the average Harris Hip Score and the Palmer and Parker mobility score was 62 and 5.6, respectively. No statistically significant difference was found regarding the functional outcome. The mean radiographic exposure during pin insertion in Group A and Group B was 15 and 6 seconds, respectively. The difference between the two groups, regarding the radiographic exposure, was found to be significant. CONCLUSION: Proximal screw placement in a parallel way is simple, with significant less radiation exposure and shorter intraoperative duration. In addition, fixation stability is equal compared to convergent pin placement.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής
Keywords: Aged,Aged, 80 and over,Blood Loss, Surgical,*Bone Screws,*External Fixators,Female,Follow-Up Studies,Fracture Fixation/*instrumentation/*methods,Fracture Healing/physiology,Hip Fractures/physiopathology/*surgery,Hip Joint/physiology/radiography/surgery,Humans,Male,Prospective Studies,Range of Motion, Articular/physiology,Time Factors,Treatment Outcome
ISSN: 1749-799X
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

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