Screening transvaginal uterine ultrasonography for identifying endometrial pathology in postmenopausal women (Journal article)

Paraskevaidis, E./ Papadimitriou, D./ Kalantaridou, S. N./ Pappa, L./ Malamou-Mitsi, V./ Zikopoulos, K./ Kazantzis, E./ Lolis, E. D./ Agnantis, N. J.

BACKGROUND: During the last decade, transvaginal ultrasonography (TVS) has become a widely-used technique for the evaluation of endometrial histology. The purposes of this study were to compare transvaginal sonographic evaluation of the endometrium with histology obtained by endometrial biopsy in asymptomatic postmenopausal women and to determine whether screening transvaginal sonography might be useful in the evaluation of postmenopausal women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 59 unselected asymptomatic postmenopausal women who attended the outpatients' clinic for annual cervical cytology at Ioannina University Hospital, Greece. The women were evaluated by transvaginal scans, performed immediately before endometrial biopsy. RESULTS: In the 43 women with a histopathological diagnosis of normal endometrium/inadequate for assessment/atrophy, the mean endometrial thickness was 5.1 +/- 3.3 mm (range 0.8-13.8 mm) whereas the corresponding value in the 16 women with abnormal findings was 17.6 +/- 4.3 mm (range 9.4-24.6 mm) (p<0.001). If a 9-mm cut-off limit was used for endometrial thickness, the sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive value were 100%, 90.69% and 80%, respectively. CONCLUSION: TVS is a sensitive test for determining endometrial disease in asymptomatic postmenopausal women. However, well-designed studies should be conducted, completed, analysed and validated before a mass-screening program using TVS is implemented.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής
Keywords: Aged,Atrophy,Endometrial Hyperplasia/pathology/ultrasonography,Endometrium/pathology/*ultrasonography,Female,Humans,Mass Screening/methods,Middle Aged,Postmenopause,Predictive Value of Tests,Reference Values,Reproducibility of Results,Ultrasonography/*methods,Uterus/*ultrasonography,Vagina
ISSN: 0250-7005
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

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