Shaken baby syndrome: intending to harm or attempting to help? (Journal article)

Felekis, T./ Asproudis, I./ Gorezis, S./ Kritikou, E./ Siamopoulou, A./ Peschos, D./ Aspiotis, M.

PURPOSE: To describe the role of ophthalmologists in shaken baby syndrome evaluation. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 3.5-month-old girl was admitted to the Pediatrics Clinic with lethargy. The mother, who brought in the baby, claimed that the baby had fallen from her cradle 6 hours ago. Clinical examination showed signs of head injury. Ophthalmologic examination was requested and revealed extensive retinal hemorrhages bilaterally covering the whole fundus, and retrohyaloid hematoma in the right eye. Computerized tomography neuroimaging documented large subdural hematomas exerting force on the brain parenchyma. The sum of the results of the clinical and neuroimaging examination-retinal hemorrhages and subdural hematomas-was indicative of violent shaking of the baby. Coronal evaluation was unable to determine whether the baby was abused by her parents or whether she was accidentally hurt. CONCLUSIONS: Ophthalmologic examination is necessary to document shaken baby syndrome since it reveals the retinal hemorrhages which together with the neuroimaging findings are almost always present in such cases. However, even when all the signs of shaken baby syndrome are present, it is difficult and sometimes destructive for a parent to be falsely accused of abusing his or her own child.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής
Keywords: Female,Hematoma, Subdural/*radiography,Humans,Infant,Retinal Hemorrhage/*diagnosis,Shaken Baby Syndrome/*diagnosis,Tomography, X-Ray Computed
ISSN: 1120-6721
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

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