Sjogren's syndrome in a patient with ulcerative colitis and primary sclerosing cholangitis: Case report and review of the literature (Journal article)

Katsanos, K. H./ Saougos, V./ Kosmidou, M./ Doukas, M./ Kamina, S./ Asproudis, I./ Tsianos, E. V.

Inflammatory bowel disease has been reported to co-exist with other autoimmune diseases. Sjogren's syndrome is an autoimmune disorder characterized by xerostomy and/or xerophthalmy. Sjogren's syndrome occurring in IBD has been very rarely reported. A 45-year old woman diagnosed ten years ago with ulcerative pancolitis and primary sclerosing cholangitis was referred to our outpatient IBD clinic because of xerostomy but not for xerophthalmy for the previous three months. The patient had been under azathioprine maintenance treatment (2 mg/kg) and achieved long-term disease remission for the past 4 years. Patient clinical examination and laboratory tests were unremarkable. Salivary gland biopsy and complete ophthalmologic investigation were performed and the patient was diagnosed with Sjogren's syndrome. Understanding sicca manifestations in IBD is difficult since the pathogenesis of this intestinal disorder is not yet clear. Of these complex autoimmune phenomena which occur along with IBD it is quite difficult to categorize concomitant Sjogren's syndrome as primary or secondary and literature is conflicting. The possibility of Sjogren's syndrome should always be considered and properly investigated in patients diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease who develop a constellation of constitutional sicca symptoms.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής
ISSN: 1876-4479
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

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