Supracondylar femoral fractures in elderly patients treated with the dynamic condylar screw and the retrograde intramedullary nail: a comparative study of the two methods (Journal article)

Christodoulou, A./ Terzidis, I./ Ploumis, A./ Metsovitis, S./ Koukoulidis, A./ Toptsis, C.

INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study is to present the results of surgical management of supracondylar fractures of the femur (types A and C according to the AO/ASIF classification) in elderly patients with the use of two different methods of fixation: the mini open dynamic condylar screw fixation (DCS) and the closed retrograde intramedullary nailing (RIN). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty patients with supracondylar fractures of the femur were treated from January 1994 to June 2000 and 72 of them followed up completely. There were 25 (34%) men and 47 (65%) women with a median age of 73.2 years (range 60-88 years). In patients with the same type of fracture, the chosen method was random, one after the other (alternately). RIN was used in 35 patients, and DCS was used in 37. The mean operative time for the DCS fixation group was 145 min (range 115-180 min), whereas for the RIN group it was 92 min (range 76-110 min) (p<0.001) with an average estimated blood loss of 310 cc (range 120-450 cc) and 118 cc (range 90-165 cc), respectively (p<0.001). The mean follow-up was 28 months (range 18-42 months). RESULTS: According to the criteria set by Schatzker and Lambert, excellent results were recorded in 18 (51%), good in 11 (31%), moderate in 3 (9%), poor in 3 (9%) patients with RIN and excellent in 19 (51%), good in 11 (30%), moderate in 4 (11%) and poor in 3 (8%) patients with DCS (p>0.05). The complications that occurred in the RIN group were 2 (6%) stiffness of the knee (mean flexion 80 degrees), 2 (6%) non-unions, 2 (6%) varus deformity and in the DCS group 2 (5%) haematomas, 4 (11%) stiffness of the knee (mean flexion 73 degrees) and 2 (5%) non-unions. CONCLUSION: Although the two methods appear to have the same percentage of excellent results and same time to bony union, RIN is preferable to DCS in terms of less blood loss and shorter operating time.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής
Keywords: Age Factors,Aged,Aged, 80 and over,Bone Nails,Bone Screws,Female,Femoral Fractures/*surgery,Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/*instrumentation,Humans,Male,Middle Aged,Prospective Studies
ISSN: 0936-8051
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

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