Neutron capture cross section of (90)Zr: Bottleneck in the s-process reaction flow (Journal article)

Tagliente, G./ Fujii, K./ Milazzo, P. M./ Moreau, C./ Aerts, G./ Abbondanno, U./ Alvarez, H./ Alvarez-Velarde, F./ Andriamonje, S./ Andrzejewski, J./ Assimakopoulos, P./ Audouin, L./ Badurek, G./ Baumann, P./ Becvar, F./ Berthoumieux, E./ Bisterzo, S./ Calvino, F./ Calviani, M./ Cano-Ott, D./ Capote, R./ Carrapico, C./ Cennini, P./ Chepel, V./ Chiaveri, E./ Colonna, N./ Cortes, G./ Couture, A./ Cox, J./ Dahlfors, M./ David, S./ Dillman, I./ Domingo-Pardo, C./ Dridi, W./ Duran, I./ Eleftheriadis, C./ Embid-Segura, M./ Ferrant, L./ Ferrari, A./ Ferreira-Marques, R./ Furman, W./ Gallino, R./ Goncalves, I./ Gonzalez-Romero, E./ Gramegna, F./ Guerrero, C./ Gunsing, F./ Haas, B./ Haight, R./ Heil, M./ Herrera-Martinez, A./ Igashira, M./ Jericha, E./ Kaeppeler, F./ Kadi, Y./ Karadimos, D./ Karamanis, D./ Kerveno, M./ Koehler, P./ Kossionides, E./ Krticka, M./ Lamboudis, C./ Leeb, H./ Lindote, A./ Lopes, I./ Lozano, M./ Lukic, S./ Marganiec, J./ Marrone, S./ Martinez, T./ Massimi, C./ Mastinu, P./ Mengoni, A./ Mosconi, M./ Neves, F./ Oberhummer, H./ O'Brien, S./ Pancin, J./ Papachristodoulou, C./ Papadopoulos, C./ Paradela, C./ Patronis, N./ Pavlik, A./ Pavlopoulos, P./ Perrot, L./ Pigni, M. T./ Plag, R./ Plompen, A./ Plukis, A./ Poch, A./ Praena, J./ Pretel, C./ Quesada, J./ Rauscher, T./ Reifarth, R./ Rubbia, C./ Rudolf, G./ Rullhusen, P./ Salgado, J./ Santos, C./ Sarchiapone, L./ Savvidis, I./ Stephan, C./ Tain, J. L./ Tassan-Got, L./ Tavora, L./ Terlizzi, R./ Vannini, G./ Vaz, P./ Ventura, A./ Villamarin, D./ Vincente, M. C./ Vlachoudis, V./ Vlastou, R./ Voss, F./ Walter, S./ Wendler, H./ Wiescher, M./ Wisshak, K.

The neutron capture cross sections of the Zr isotopes have important implications in nuclear astrophysics and for reactor design. The small cross section of the neutron magic nucleus (90)Zr, which accounts for more than 50% of natural zirconium represents one of the key isotopes for the stellar s-process, because it acts as a bottleneck in the neutron capture chain between the Fe seed and the heavier isotopes. The same element, Zr, also is an important component of the structural materials used in traditional and advanced nuclear reactors. The (n, gamma) cross section has been measured at CERN, using the n_TOF spallation neutron source. In total, 45 resonances could be resolved in the neutron energy range below 70 keV, 10 being observed for the first time thanks to the high resolution and low backgrounds at n_TOF. On average, the Gamma(gamma) widths obtained in resonance analyses with the R-matrix code SAMMY were 15% smaller than reported previously. By these results, the accuracy of the Maxwellian averaged cross section for s-process calculations has been improved by more than a factor of 2.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών και Τεχνολογιών. Τμήμα Βιολογικών Εφαρμογών και Τεχνολογιών
Keywords: giant branch stars,valence component,massive stars,energy range,zr isotopes,n-tof,nucleosynthesis,evolution,facility,system
URI: https://olympias.lib.uoi.gr/jspui/handle/123456789/17550
ISSN: 0556-2813
Link: <Go to ISI>://000254543500059
http://prc.aps.org/abstract/PRC/v77/i3/e035802
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)



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