One- and two-photon phase-sensitive coherent control of total ionization yields in the presence of static electric fields (Journal article)

Bolovinos, A./ Cohen, S./ Liontos, I.

We experimentally demonstrate one- and two-photon phase sensitive coherent control over the excitation and ionization of Rydberg states of Sr atom in the presence of a static homogeneous electric field. Without the field this excitation scheme can only be employed for the manipulation of angular distributions of photoelectrons and molecular photofragmentation products. Total atomic excitation-ionization yields cannot be modulated because the final states excited by each pathway are orthogonal to each other. When, however, a static electric field is applied, s, p and d character is admixed into the final Rydberg state, which has no definite parity anymore. Hence, the excitation of the target Stark state from the ground state is possible with either two (fundamental laser frequency) photons or one (second harmonic frequency) photon and its population and further ionization can be controlled by varying the relative phase between the two radiation fields. The concept is successfully tested below as well as above the classical saddle point and with either mutually crossed or parallel linear laser beam polarizations (while the second harmonic beam polarization vector is always parallel to the static field direction). We examine the behavior of the obtained photoionization signal modulation depth V as a function of the static field strength F for otherwise identical experimental conditions. The V(F) curve exhibits a maximum (typically similar to 65%-85%) at a field strength value that is dictated by the interplay between the employed laser power densities, one- and two-photon transition dipole moments, and relative amounts of field-dependent s, p and d character. It is therefore shown that the static field strength may serve as an additional, experimentally adjustable, control parameter in a fashion complementary to both the intensities and relative phase of the two light beams.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών και Τεχνολογιών. Τμήμα Βιολογικών Εφαρμογών και Τεχνολογιών
Keywords: photoelectron angular-distributions,photoionization,interference,photodissociation,transitions,spectra,sr,spectroscopy,excitation,ba
ISSN: 1050-2947
Link: <Go to ISI>://000253763900094
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

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