Distribution of Paf-Acetylhydrolase Activity in Human Plasma Low-Density-Lipoprotein Subfractions (Journal article)

Karabina, S. A. P./ Liapikos, T. A./ Grekas, G./ Goudevenos, J./ Tselepis, A. D.


The distribution of PAF-acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH) activity in 3 LDL subfractions prepared by density gradient ultracentrifugation as well as the rate of phosphatidylcholine (PC) hydrolysis during oxidation was studied. PAF-AH activity, measured before oxidation, was much higher in LDL(3) subfraction (28.4 +/- 8.6 nmol/mg per min) comparing to LDL(2) (14.1 +/- 5.8 nmol/mg per min), and to LDL(1), 8.7 +/- 3.7 nmol/mg per min. During oxidation, the enzyme activity was continuously decreased and this phenomenon was more pronounced in LDL(1). PC hydrolysis was studied measuring the lyso-PC production expressed as lyso-PC/Sph molar ratio. Before oxidation, the lyso-PC/Sph molar ratio, did not differ significantly among the LDL subfractions, whereas, 4 h after the onset of oxidation, it was significantly higher in LDL(2) and LDL(3) subfractions (0.42 +/- 0.12 and 0.45 +/- 0.10, respectively), comparing to LDL(1) (0.29 +/- 0.06). Our results show that the distribution of PAF-AH activity in LDL subfractions is heterogeneous (mainly distributed in LDL(2) and LDL(3) subfractions) and it is positively correlated with higher lyso-PC production in those subfractions during oxidation. The contribution of this phenomenon to the enhanced susceptibility to oxidation as well as to the higher atherogenicity of the dense LDL subfractions is under investigation.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Θετικών Επιστημών. Τμήμα Χημείας
Keywords: paf-acetylhydrolase,ldl,ldl subfraction,oxidized ldl,lipid peroxidation,platelet-activating-factor,lipid-peroxidation,invitro oxidation,degradation,phosphatidylcholine,phospholipids,atherogenesis,cells,risk,ldl
URI: http://olympias.lib.uoi.gr/jspui/handle/123456789/10442
ISSN: 0005-2760
Link: <Go to ISI>://A1994NU79700006
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Appears in Collections:Άρθρα σε επιστημονικά περιοδικά ( Ανοικτά)

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